La Lavandula lavender is a genus of dicotyledonous spermatophyte plants belonging to the family Lamasaceae and its name comes from Latin, especially the gerund “washed”. Among the well-known and most loved flowers, lavender undoubtedly occupies a prominent position in people’s preferences.
Known for its beautiful colors from purple to blue in addition to the distinct fragrance it emits, this plant has always been a part of human history, both as an ornamental species and as a natural find for a wide variety of indoor uses.
Properties of lavender
Lavender is an evergreen herbaceous plant with a bushy habit that has medium-sized stems, strong and woody roots. Its leaves are symmetrically positioned with respect to the extension of its stem; they open during flowering, from petioles opposite the growth spiral. Its flowers are small and show a purple to blue color which gives them their pleasant fragrance.
Because it is a perennial genus, it is easily green for most of the year , even in winter, a time of harsh weather conditions. Definitely! Do not exceed low temperatures that the plant cannot tolerate, as they will cause irreversible damage to its roots.
Now, its flowering is typical of summer . Depending on the growing area, the appearance of blue and purple inflorescences can be observed from May to the end of September. Unmistakable for its unique fragrance, the plant offers an attractive and attractive flowering, especially in the large expanses of the Mediterranean, where there are plenty of places for its cultivation.
Since the plant tends to spread quickly, frequent transplanting and pruning is important. The best time of the year to perform these tasks is autumn, mid-September or at the end of its flowering. For this, you need to cut about two centimeters of the stem from the previous inflorescence , using the appropriate tools and making a diagonal cut. If the stem of the plant is too woody, you need to go down a little more against the leaves to ensure the renewal of the plant in the next season.
It prefers a pleasant Mediterranean climate and exposure to the sun, so it can be found growing wild on the warm coasts of southern France and Italy. As for the soil, it must have good drainage as its roots cannot tolerate high humidity. However, they do not need much fertilization without denying that the use of organic fertilizers is useful for their growth.
For its irrigation, it depends on the time of year. Rainfall may be plentiful in spring and autumn; Taking into account the dryness of the soil in summer, apply frequent irrigation if necessary. Morning and afternoon irrigation should be applied moderately to avoid possible stagnation of water.
Lavender can be grown in pots, for which the space where it is going to be planted must first be properly prepared; If you want to use a vase, it is important that you make a gravel bottom, expanded clay balls, which will ensure a good flow of water. Now, if you want to plant your lavender in the garden, using organic fertilizers will help.
Practice: It is planted from seeds or cuttings , although you can transplant their seedlings. Cultivation takes place in autumn, at which time you spread its seeds on the ground and then cover them with a thin layer of soil. As soon as you notice shoots appearing, remove the specimens you notice are weak and replant the entire crop.
What are the properties of lavender?
Lavender is a sub-shrub, also known as meta, which is an evergreen native to the Mediterranean basin, the Macaronesian region, North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and South Asia. There are many species of Lavandula angustifolia or Lavandula latifolia .
All of them have similar characteristics: the leaves are lanceolate or ovate, green or silver-green, its inflorescences are lavender, lilac, blue or purple ; And they grow to a height of meters to 40 centimeters.
How do you take care of yourself?
If you dare to have a copy, you should remember that it should be outside, in full sun and watered from time to time . It resists drought well, but if grown in a container, don’t forget to water it. The frequency varies according to the weather. But usually 2 or 3 watering’s per week in summer. And every 7 to 10 days for the rest is enough.
Protect it from moderate frosts, and prune in late winter if necessary . For more information, I leave you this link:
Lavender is a very interesting plant with which you can have a garden or patio without mosquitoes or other pests. But, thanks to its flowers, it is very easy to have a house that smells good.
How about a lavender flower?
Lavender flowers are easy to spot, but what exactly are they? To begin with it must be said that what we call a flower is actually an inflorescence ; That is, a group of florets grouped in a stem. The flowers, i.e., the modified leaves that protect the flowers, are often colored.
If we continue, we find a chalice with five triangular shaped teeth. The corolla is lavender, lilac, blue or purple, bilabiate. It has four stamens, and a capitate style. After fertilization of the well-protected ovule in the gynoecium, near the calyx, the fruit develops. It is dry. And is called tetra-nucula (five nuculae). Each of which has a brown oval shape.
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