Turbid urine can be caused by a variety of medical conditions ranging from relatively benign to severe. These conditions can include dehydration, urinary tract infection, transmitted diseases, kidney stones, diabetes, and more.
Cloudy urine sometimes indicates an excess of protein, crystalline substances, blood, pus, or other chemicals in the urine. Medical professionals use another language to describe cloudy urine. They may use terms such as milky white, foamy, or dark urine, or the term albuminuria.
It is especially dangerous for young and old to suffer from dehydration
Many people know that dark urine is a sign of dehydration, but dark urine indicates that you are not getting enough water.
It is especially dangerous for young children and the elderly to become dehydrated. You are more likely to become dehydrated in hot weather or if you exercise vigorously or have vomiting, diarrhea or a fever.
Along with turbid urine, these signs can accompany dehydration:
- dark urine
- less frequent urination
- very thirsty
- dizziness or lightheadedness
If you begin to experience diarrhea, confusion, vomiting, or bloody or dark stools, seek immediate medical attention for dehydration.
Mild to moderate dehydration is treated by drinking more fluids. Such as water. But severe dehydration may require treatment. In which intravenous (IV) fluids are given along with oral rehydration therapy in a doctor’s office or emergency room.
Urinary tract infections in women and men
When you have a urinary tract infection (UTI), a large amount of discharge in the form of blood or pus can occur, which can make your urine cloudy. It can happen to men and women alike. Too many white blood cells, which the body uses to fight urinary tract infections, can make urine appear cloudy or milky.
Urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria invade the urine and travel to the bladder. The chances of getting UTIs are higher among women than among men. In addition to cloudy urine, signs of a urinary tract infection may include:
- pelvic pain
- Constant urge to urinate
- Burning feeling while urinating
- Difficulty passing large amounts of urine
- smelly urine
Most urinary tract infections are treated with a course of antibiotics that lasts for several days. More complex urinary tract infections can be treated with an initial dose of intravenous (IV) antibiotics, followed by several weeks of oral antibiotics.
When you have a kidney stone, you are likely to excrete high levels of minerals in your urine, which can lead to turbidity. Many kidney stones pass without medical help, but sometimes they cause severe pain and can stop the flow of urine.
In addition to cloudy urine, signs of a kidney stone may include:
- Back or side pain
- fever and chills
- blood in urine
- smelly urine
- Burning feeling while urinating
For kidney stones that do not pass normally, there are several treatment options. Your doctor may use shock wave therapy. Which is called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. They may remove the stone by inserting an endoscope through the urethra or recommend surgery.
Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
People with diabetes can have cloudy urine for a number of reasons. Your kidneys must process the extra sugar in your blood. Which can lead to dehydration that can be missed in urine. Kidney damage caused by diabetes prevents the kidneys from filtering urine properly.
Cloudy urine isn’t the only sign of diabetes; many other symptoms include:
- frequent urination
- Feeling thirsty or hungry often
- blurred vision
- Tingling and numbness in the extremities
1 in 4 with diabetes has kidney disease. If you have diabetes, your doctor may do frequent urine tests to check for a protein called albumin. Which may indicate that your kidneys are damaged.
Inflammatory or infected prostatitis, sometimes called prostatitis, can cause a secretion of white blood cells, pus, or blockage of the urine.
Additional signs of prostate problems include:
- Frequent need to urinate or pain while urinating
- Blood in the urine
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Pain in the back, hip or pelvic region
- Painful ejaculation
If you experience any of these symptoms, speak with your doctor. You may also want to get a prostate exam and test urine and blood samples.
Vaginitis is inflammation of the vagina caused by a fungal infection. Trichomoniasis, or bacterial vaginosis, and it can cause cloudy urine.
When you have vaginitis, mononucleosis or other secretions can cause cloudy urine.
Symptoms of vaginitis also include:
- painful pee
- vaginal bleeding
- vagina irritation
- Increased vaginal secretions
- Change in the color and smell of vaginal secretions
Your doctor may do a pelvic exam, check your vaginal secretions, and even do a vaginal pH test. Depending on the cause of vaginitis, your doctor may prescribe a specific medication or cream to treat the infection.
Your diet: what you eat and drink
Your diet can cause cloudy urine. Drinking a lot of milk (which contains calcium phosphate) can make cloudy. Eating foods that are high in phosphorus (meat and dairy products) or eating large amounts of vitamin D can also change the color of your urine.
Read More: 12 Low-Carbs Fruits To Eat