For someone with cardiovascular disease, along with other healthy habits, diet can help prevent further complications.
To limit complications, you can help loved ones with cardiovascular disease by adopting a diet that limits bad cholesterol to help lower blood pressure, lower blood sugar, and help with weight loss.
1. Principles of nutrition for people with cardiovascular disease
1.1 Eat plenty of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and legumes
These are foods that are very high in fiber and can be made into dishes such as tofu. Salads, as a side dish. Or as an accompaniment.
Be careful not to use too much fat or cheese when processing.
1.2 Choose calories from fat wisely
Limit fat to less than 35% of total calories per day.
Limit saturated fat (found in animal products).
Avoid trans fats as much as possible. They are found in avocados, salad dressings, sweets, and desserts.
Check the ingredient list for partially hydrogenated oils. When using added fats for cooking or baking, choose oils that are high in monounsaturated fats (olive and peanut oils) or polyunsaturated fats (such as soybean, corn, and sunflower oils). positive).
1.3 Eat a lot of protein
Serve a variety of protein-rich foods. Balance meals with lean meats, fish, and plant-based protein sources. For protein from animal sources, lean choices from chicken or turkey are best.
1.4 Limiting cholesterol
Dietary cholesterol, found in red meat and high-fat dairy products, can raise blood cholesterol levels, especially in people at high risk.
1.5 Choose the right type of carbs
Include foods like brown rice, oatmeal, quinoa, and sweet potatoes to add fiber and help control blood sugar. Avoid sugary foods.
1.6 Eat in moderation and divide many meals
This helps people with heart disease control blood sugar, burn fat more efficiently, and regulate their cholesterol levels.
1.7 Reduce salt
Eating too much salt is bad for blood pressure, use herbs or spices to flavor foods instead.
1.8 Provide enough water for the body
Staying hydrated helps you feel more energetic and eat less. It is recommended to drink about 1.5-2 liters of water. Per day unless your doctor tells you to limit fluids.
1.9 Check the portion size
It can be helpful to use smaller plates and glasses and check food labels to see how much is in a serving, as it’s easier to eat more than you think.
2. 5 foods good for the heart
Blueberries top the list as one of the most powerful disease-fighting foods. That’s because they contain anthocyanins, an antioxidant that works very well in reducing the oxidizing level of LDL, so this fruit is very good for your heart.
This cold-water fish is an excellent source of protein and is also. Packed with heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids. The American Heart Association recommends eating salmon and other omega-3-rich foods twice a week for heart health benefits. Salmon can be grilled, sauced, cooked…
2.3 Soy protein
This inexpensive, high-quality protein contains fiber, vitamins, and minerals, all the ingredients for a heart-healthy meal. In addition, a diet rich in soy protein can lower triglycerides, help prevent cardiovascular disease and keep your heart healthy.
In people with high cholesterol levels, the benefits of soy foods are because they are high in polyunsaturated fats, fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
2.4 Oatmeal porridge
Oats are nutritious whole grains and a good source of vitamins, minerals, and cholesterol-lowering fiber. Research shows that oats help lower cholesterol levels and may aid in the prevention of certain cancers.
Spinach has many health benefits. The dark green color of spinach leaves comes from a variety of phytochemicals, vitamins, and minerals (especially folate and iron) that also fight disease, protect against cardiovascular disease and help keep eyes healthy. Spinach can be boiled, cooked in soup, mixed in salads… to become delicious and appetizing dishes.
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