Coriander is a familiar spice in our daily meals. They not only help create the aroma of food but also have many valuable effects on health.
Origin and characteristics of coriander
Coriander has the scientific name Corian drum sativum L. This is a very familiar plant in our lives. They are also known by many common names such as .This vegetable appears a lot in everyday dishes, as a spice to add to the meal. It should be more delicious.
Coriander is a plant native to West Asia, extending to Africa. Later, they gradually became popular and were introduced to many tropical countries, including Vietnam.
In some Asian countries such as India and China, this vegetable is grown on a very large scale for medicinal purposes as well as for distilling essential oils, serving the cosmetic industry.
Coriander is a herbaceous plant that grows 30-50 cm high. The tree is much branched, the young serrated leaves grow from the branches and give off a gentle, pleasant fragrance.
Plants have the ability to flower, their flowers are white-pink, blooming at the tips, growing in clusters together. After the flower fades, it will form fruit, the spherical fruit, 2-4mm in diameter, is harvested for medicinal purposes or prepared into spices for dishes.
Distinguish types of coriander today
The coriander plant currently comes in several varieties:
1. Coriander To Coriander
Coriander, also known as coriander, has a light green color, and has a gentle, pleasant aroma. They are often used to make mixed vegetables, herbs, and spices for Vietnamese dishes. This is also the most commonly used vegetable today.
2. Coriander Coriander
Also known as the plant. This plant is native to China and India. They have elongated leaves, serrated margins, prominent veins in the center and across the length of the leaf. Coriander is often used in dishes such as bamboo shoot soup, raw vegetables to serve.
They have the scientific name Parsley, belong to the genus Petroleum, and have the same use as the we have today. However, this vegetable has a dark green color, much darker than tamarind and its leaves are slightly curled. In addition, the leaves of Parsley are also larger in size, favored by European, North American, or Middle Eastern countries to use as a seasoning for dishes.
What are the health benefits of coriander?
Not only a favorite spice, coriander also has many great uses for human health.
1. Helps Lower Blood Sugar
Coriander in general or their seeds when harvested in particular have the ability to help lower blood sugar levels. Therefore, this vegetable is very beneficial for patients with diabetes, whose blood sugar is always high. However, people who are currently using diabetes medication as well as have very low blood sugar need to consider if they want to use this vegetable for treatment.
2. Anti-oxidant, immune booster
Coriander provides a number of active ingredients with high antioxidant capacity, which help prevent damage to cells inside the body caused by harmful free radicals. Thanks to that, our body will become healthier, the immune system is strengthened and strengthened.
3. Beneficial for heart health
According to some scientific studies, extract has the ability to help the body eliminate excess sodium through excretion, so that blood pressure will be stable and balanced. Moreover, it can improve digestion. vegetables can also help reduce the risk of heart This will decrease the amount of harmful LDL cholesterol in the blood vessels, preventing disease.
4. Protect brain health
A study has shown that extract can protect the body from nerve damage. Thereby helping to prevent the risk of brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s. In addition, this vegetable can also help control anxiety, making our mood more comfortable.
5. Promotes digestion and protects the gut
Essential oil from has the ability to promote the digestive process to take place more smoothly and quickly. In some Middle Eastern countries, they use this vegetable to make a medicine to help stimulate the appetite of children with anorexia.
6. Anti-infection, anti-inflammatory
Coriander contains an active ingredient called Dodecanal, which has the ability to fight Salmonella bacteria that cause a variety of food poisoning and intestinal diseases in humans. In addition, the seeds of the vegetable can also fight infections caused by urinary tract bacteria. Thereby preventing dangerous urinary tract diseases.
7. Optimal skin protection
Thanks to its excellent anti-inflammatory properties, coriander essential oil provides protection to the skin, helping to prevent radiation from ultraviolet rays, preventing skin cell damage, anti-aging, anti-inflammatory. skin due to allergies effectively.
Easy to add to your daily diet
All parts of coriander except the root are edible. However, the stem and leaves of the plant are more often used in dishes than the seeds. The seeds are mainly harvested, dried and then ground into a powder to make spices for dishes. You can add vegetables to your family’s regular dishes, or you can use them to accompany salads, salads, pasta, burgers.
What is the difference between coriander and its seeds?
As the people of the South of Vietnam call it, also known as cilantro, with “coriander” referring to the leaves and stem of the plant. In addition, the scientific name of the leaves and seeds is also different, when the stem and leaves are called cilantro, and the seeds are called Coriander.
The amount of nutrients in coriander seeds is much more abundant than in stems and leaves. However, that’s because the leaves and stems contain 92.2% water, while the seeds only have 8.9%. Even so, this is still a nutrient-rich vegetable that cannot be ignored.
Does eating coriander lose milk?
According to many scientific studies, it has been shown that parsley has the ability to reduce the amount of milk in pregnant women after giving birth. Therefore, eating dos not cause postpartum milk loss. On the contrary, the seeds of the vegetable have the ability to stimulate the female body after giving birth to produce more milk. You can refer to the following oriental medicine recipes:
- 12g coriander seeds, 30g glutinous rice bring together to cook porridge, and eat it while it’s still hot.
- 6g coriander seeds boiled with 100ml of water, then divided and drank during the day. Use continuously for 3 days to stimulate milk production.
Some ways to use coriander every day
Coriander has a number of useful everyday uses, which you can refer to as follows:
1. Eat coriander raw
You can eat coriander raw with other vegetables or can be mixed into a vegetable salad to eat daily. As long as during the preliminary processing, you remove all the roots and wash the vegetables with dilute salt water to kill bacteria.
2. Drink coriander juice
In addition to eating this vegetable raw, you can also squeeze juice to drink daily. The daily use of juice will bring you the following benefits:
- Helps support weight loss, reducing the risk of excess fat formation in the body.
- Treatment of menorrhagia in women.
- Helps reduce harmful cholesterol in the blood.
- Diuretic help.
- Anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and skin-beautifying.
3. Make daily dishes with coriander
Coriander can also be used to make everyday dishes that you still eat with common ingredients such as eggs, meat, vegetables,… Making a delicious dish will depend on your cooking ability. and your creativity.
Harm if abuse of coriander
Although there are many health benefits, if you abuse this vegetable too much, it will backfire and cause health effects.
1. Causes liver damage
Coriander contains powerful antioxidants that may help protect the liver. However, if you absorb a large amount of these substances, it will cause liver damage, increase bile secretion, and liver dysfunction.
2. Causes a drop in blood pressure
Because coriander has the ability to eliminate nitrates from the body, eating too much of this vegetable can cause you to seriously reduce nitrates. This causes blood pressure to drop severely, possibly causing unconsciousness.
3. Affects the gastrointestinal tract
When consuming too much coriander, will cause you to experience digestive disorders, stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting caused by increased acid secretion in the stomach.
4. Affects the respiratory tract
If you have asthma or respiratory problems in general, it is best not to eat coriander or use it extremely sparingly. Because using too much of these vegetables will cause dry throat, shortness of breath.
5. Affecting the fetus
Coriander is thought to be able to affect the hormones and hormones of women during pregnancy if eaten in excess. This will affect the development of the fetus, increasing the risk of dangerous birth defects.
Note when using coriander
To be able to help you use coriander to bring high health benefits, here are some notes when using this vegetable:
- Do not use it if you are sensitive or allergic to vegetables in the process of eating and drinking juice. Because it can cause you to have an itchy rash, atopic dermatitis.
- If you drink coriander juice daily, do not use more than 200ml of juice per week. These you drink too much, it can increase the feeling of nausea, stomach irritation, acute stomach pain.
- If you are having liver problems or are taking medications for liver disease, absolutely do not use coriander to eat every day. Because this vegetable increases the concentration of bile in the liver.
- After buying coriander, pick it up, remove the roots and wash it with clean water. Then wait for the water to drain, then store the vegetables in a sealed plastic bag or zip bag, and then keep them in the refrigerator.
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