Is Mild Or Medium Hotter? 5 Levels Of Heat Scale To Know

 If you love pepper but are sensitive to spices, then identifying mild and medium peppers will make all the difference.

You may have wondered, “Is it mild or moderately spicy?”

While you may be sure of this knowing, you might want to be aware of the knowing, you might want to be aware of the reasons and reasons behind this answer. 

If you’re curious to find out more, read on to find out why savory isn’t as spicy as medium.

Which Is Hotter, Mild Or Medium?

Moderate ratings top out at 2,000 Scoville calorie units (SHU). On the other hand, the average falls between 2,500 and 30,000. That’s a big difference.

Peppers such as bell pepper (100-500 IU) and banana peppers (500 SHU) are considered mild.

Meanwhile, poblano peppers (1,000 – 1,500 SHU), jalapeños (4,000 – 8,500 SHU) and tabasco peppers (30,000 – 50,000 SHU) are medium heat.

Pepper Heat: How Is It Measured?

To measure hotness in peppers using the Wilbur Scoville method, the following is done:

  • Human subjects are used as taste testers for the peppers and the level of heat is recorded.
  • The pepper sample is then diluted in a laboratory until people cannot feel their head.
  • The dilution is called the Scoville heat unit.

Scoville classifications are based on units of dry mass. Therefore, the numerical value of a sample usually varies depending on its crop. It is no longer considered a reliable way to check the heat level of a pepper.

Since then, scientists have developed a method to determine the Scoville classification of peppers by measuring the presence of alkaloids [2]. The alkaloids are what cause the heat in the peppers.

If you don’t know the Scoville heat unit rating for a particular pepper, and you don’t have your phone to look it up, a simple (but not scientifically accurate) way to measure their heat is to smell them.

The If your pepper smells earthy and planty, it’s unlikely to be hot or spicy. If the smell burns your nose and sounds spicy, it probably is.

The 5 Levels Of Heat Scale

The heat of the pepper is measured with the Scoville scale. The scale gives a numerical rating for the heat rating of a pepper. Scoville scale numeric scores range from 0 to over 3,000,000!

Each pepper is named after its creator, Wilbur Scoville, and each pepper is assigned a Scoville BTU number. There are 11 categories within the Scoville Heat units. The categories are the following:

  • 1,500,500 – 3,000,000+ SHU (example: Pepper X)
  • 750,000 – 1,500,000 SHU (example: ghost pepper)
  • 350,000 – 750,000 SHU (example: saving a red habanero)
  • 100,000 – 350,000 SHU (example: Scotch pepper cap)
  • 50,000 – 100,000 SHU (example: Malagueta pepper)
  • 25,000 – 50,000 SHU (Example: Tabasco pepper)
  • 10,000 – 25,000 SHU (example: serrano pepper)
  • 2,5,000 – 10,000 SHU (example: jalapeno pepper)
  • 1000 – 2500 SHU (example: Anaheim pepper)
  • 100 – 1000 SHU (example: banana pepper)
  • 0-100 SHU (example: sweet pepper)

We can simplify this into five heat levels:

  • Moderate (100 – 2500 SHU)
  • Medium (2,500 – 30,000 SHU)
  • Hot (30,000 – 100,000 SHU)
  • Super hot (100,000 – 300,000 SHU)
  • Extremely hot (anything over 300,000 SHU)
Heat Level Example
Mild Anaheim Chile, Ancho Poblano Chile
Medium Hot jalapeno pepper,  burrito pepper, hot jalapeno pepper
Hot Hot Red Chili, Hot Tabasco Pepper, Cayenne Pepper
Extra Hot habanero hot pepper
Extremely Hot Carolina Reaper, red ghost paper

On this five level thermometer, the Carolina Reaper is “extremely hot” with a Scoville BTU rating of 1,641,300. 

Habanero peppers are considered “extremely hot” because they range from 100,000 to 300,000 on the Scoville scale.

Read More:  google news

The red chile is classified as “hot” with a Scoville BTU rating of 40,000 – 50,000. With a rating of 4,000 SHU, the hot jalapeno slice is “medium.” Anaheim peppers are “mild,” falling on the Scoville scale between 500 and 2,500 SHU.

What Is The Hottest Pepper?

The Carolina Reaper is the current hottest pepper in the world, with a rating of up to 2.2 million Scoville Heat Units (SHU) on the Scoville Scale. It is a hybrid of the Ghost Pepper and the Red Habanero.

How Can I Use The Hottest Pepper In My Cooking?

The Carolina Reaper works best when used as a flavor enhancer in small amounts. It is not advised to use excessive amounts because the heat can be uncomfortable. Consider adding a small amount to spice up your dishes.

Is There Any Way To Reduce The Heat Of The Hottest Pepper?

Yes, you can reduce the heat by removing the seeds and inner membranes before cooking. This will help to reduce the heat. Additionally, combining it with ingredients like dairy, sugar, and citrus will help to temper the heat.

What Are The Different Types Of Hot Peppers?

Jalapenos, habaneros, serranos, and cayennes are a few of the different types of hot peppers.


Although the Carolina Reaper continues to hold the record for being the hottest pepper in the world, the competition is fierce.

It’s incredibly high Scoville heat units make it the spiciest pepper in the world, and its unique flavor profile is a favorite among pepper aficionados. 

Whether you’re looking for a challenge or just want to spice up your cooking, the Carolina Reaper is the hottest pepper to use

Alfie Theo
Alfie Theo
Articles: 99

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *