Diet plays an important role in controlling diabetes. A diet that provides adequate nutrition, quantity and quality balances blood sugar, avoid ensuring a balanced and safe condition while suffering from diabetes. What to eat with diabetes is something that any patient should know to protect and maintain their health.
The basic principle in the diet of people with diabetes and type 2 diabetes in general is to limit the maximum amount of glucose (carbohydrates), which has the effect of avoiding hyperglycemia, limiting fatty acids. Saturated fats to avoid metabolic disorders. The menu for people with diabetes should be built to provide the body with enough stable and harmonious sugar, which is good.
1. What should people with diabetes eat?
Diabetics need to know how to complete their diet, what to eat and what not to eat. Similarly, the foods that people with diabetes should eat are:
Powdered sugar group: Cereals, beans, husked rice, vegetables… steamed, boiled, baked, roasted, fried, sautéed… Tubers like cassava and tapioca provide a lot of starch, so if you people with diabetes eat this type of food, rice should be reduced or cut.
Meat and fish group: people with diabetes should eat fish, lean meat, skinless chicken, lean meat, beans, etc., steamed, boiled, fried to remove fat.
Group of fats and sugars: Foods with unsaturated fats are preferred in the diet of diabetics such as soybean oil, sesame, fish oil, fish oil, olive oil.
Vegetable group: People with diabetes should eat more vegetables on their menu through simple processing methods, such as raw, steamed, boiled, or mixed vegetables, but should not use many types of fatty sauces.
Fruits: Diabetics should increase their consumption of fresh fruits, which should not be further processed by adding ice cream or milk, and sweet, ripe fruits such as durian, ripe persimmon, ripe mango…
According to the National Institute of Nutrition, the ratio of energy-producing components in diabetics’ daily meals is specifically determined as follows, which is very good for stabilizing and treating the disease:
- Proteins: protein intake should reach 1-1.2 g/kg/day for adults, that is, this proportion should be equal to 15-20% of dietary energy.
- Lipids: The percentage of fat should be 25% of the total energy intake, without exceeding 30%. Limit saturated fatty acids. Helps stabilize blood sugar, preventing atherosclerosis.
- Glucose: The percentage of energy provided by glucose should reach 50-60% of the total energy intake of diabetics. Choose foods with a low glycemic index: brown rice, rye bread, oatmeal, whole beans…
2. What should diabetics avoid?
- For better diabetes management, people with diabetes should limit the following foods:
- Limit consumption of white rice, bread, noodles, tapioca flour, boiled tubers
- Limit foods high in saturated fat with cholesterol, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, which is not good for health in general and for people with diabetes in particular.
- People with diabetes should not eat fatty pork, animal organs, chicken skin, fresh cream, coconut oil, sweets, jams, syrups, or carbonated drinks.
- Limit the maximum amount of nuts, fruit jam… because this type contains a lot of sugar, which is not good for the patient’s health.
3. For people with diabetes, here are some principles of eating
Diabetics should follow the doctor’s advice, instructions on what to eat and what not to eat. In addition, it is necessary to know and understand the principles to avoid high blood sugar levels, prevent and delay the complications of diabetes:
Divide your food into several meals a day to avoid sudden spikes in blood sugar.
Eat in moderation, on time, neither too hungry nor too full.
Do not change the composition and volume of daily meals too quickly and too much.
Exercising after eating, avoiding lying down, sitting in one place after eating, and spending time in sports are necessary to ensure health and support diabetes treatment.
Along with the above information on diabetes diet, it helps the patient to have a very stable health. To treat diabetes effectively, customers can book an appointment through the Vinmec International General Hospital website to get effective support from a team of experienced doctors at Vine.
Since mid-April 2020, WinMec Health System has implemented remote health care services to meet people’s medical examination and treatment needs and reduce the risk of disease transmission. COVID-19. This is the first step to systematically adopt the trend of WinMec’s telehealth model that ensures safety, information security and efficiency. The telehealth service will be implemented at Vinmec Times City International Hospital (Hanoi) and Vinmec Central Park International General Hospital (HCMC) in the immediate future; Initially provided to clients served at Vinmec. The immediately assigned specialties are Cardiology, Endocrinology – Diabetes in both hospitals, followed by Allergy – Clinical Immunology. Asthma in Winmeck Times City and Winmeck Central Park.
11 diabetic-friendly foods to avoid
The article was professionally advised by Specialist Doctor II Nguyen Xuan Thong – Medical Examination Sub Division and Head of Internal Medicine and Internal Medicine Unit – Examination and Internal Medicine Division – Vinmec Central Park International General Hospital
Prediabetes may also be associated with these complications. Eating the wrong foods can raise blood sugar, increase insulin, and promote inflammation, all of which increase your risk of disease.
1. Why do people with diabetes have trouble consuming carbohydrates?
Carbs, proteins, and fats are the macronutrients that provide the body with energy. Of these three, carbs are by far thought to have the biggest effect on blood sugar. This is because they break down into sugar or glucose and are absorbed into the bloodstream.
Carbs include starch, sugar, and fiber. Dietary fiber is the total amount of carbs found in foods that will provide more digestible carbs. For example, if a bowl of mixed vegetables contains 10 grams of carbs and 4 grams of fiber, its digestible (net) carb count is 6 grams.
When people with diabetes consume too many carbs at once, their blood sugar can rise to dangerous levels. Consistent high blood sugar can damage nerves and blood vessels, resulting in heart disease, kidney disease, and other serious health conditions. remove stains from white clothes
Staying low in carbs can help prevent blood sugar spikes and significantly reduce your risk of diabetes complications. Therefore, it is important to avoid the foods listed below.
2. 11 Foods to Avoid When You Have Diabetes
2. 1. Sugary drinks
Because they are so high in carbohydrates, a can of soda (354 ml) provides 38 grams. The same amount of sweetened iced tea and lemonade each contains 36 grams of carbohydrates.
In addition, its high fructose content increases the risk of insulin resistance and obesity, fatty liver and other diseases.
Additionally, the high levels of fructose in sugary drinks can cause metabolic disturbances that increase abdominal fat, bad cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. To control blood sugar and prevent illness, replace sugary drinks with water, soda, or unsweetened iced tea.
2. 3. White bread, pasta and rice
White bread, rice, and pasta are high-carbohydrate foods. Those with type 1 and type 2 diabetes have shown that eating bread, bagels, and other refined flour foods significantly increases blood sugar.
2.4. Yogurt with fruit flavor
Plain yogurt is a good option for diabetics. However, the fruit-flavored varieties did not. Flavored yogurts are usually made from fat-free or low-fat milk, which is high in carbohydrates and sugar. In fact, a one-cup (245-gram) serving of fruit-flavored yogurt contains 47 grams of sugar, which means about 81% of its calories come from sugar. Many people consider frozen yogurt to be a healthy alternative to ice cream. However, it can contain as much or more sugar than ice cream. Instead of choosing high-sugar yogurts that spike blood sugar and insulin, choose plain, sugar-free, high-fat yogurts. May benefit appetite, weight control, and gut health.
2.5. Sweet breakfast cereals
Even “healthy” breakfast cereals are not a good choice for people with diabetes. For example, just a half cup of cereal (55 grams), granola cereal contains 30 grams of digestible carbohydrates, and grape seeds contain 41 grams. Plus, each serving provides just 7 grams of protein. To control blood sugar and hunger, skip the cereals and choose a protein-based breakfast. Simply put, breakfast cereals are high in carbohydrates but low in protein. For its part, a breakfast rich in protein and low in carbohydrates is an excellent option to control diabetes and appetite.
2.6. Flavored coffee drinks
Flavored coffee drinks are loaded with carbohydrates. Even “mild” varieties can significantly increase blood sugar levels. For example, a 16-ounce caramel shake from Starbucks has 67 grams of carbs, and the same size Frappuccino has 30 grams of carbs. To keep blood sugar levels under control and avoid weight gain, choose a plain coffee or espresso with ice cream.
2.7. Honey, Agave nectar and Maple Syrup
People with diabetes often try to reduce their intake of white sugar, as well as sweets, cookies, and cakes. However, other forms of sugar can cause your blood sugar to rise. Brown sugar and “natural” sugars like honey, agave nectar, and syrup fall under this category.
Although these sweeteners are not highly processed, they contain just as many carbohydrates as white sugar.
These are the numbers of carbohydrates found in sugary foods:
- White sugar: 12.6 grams
- Agave nectar: 16 grams
- Honey: 17 grams
- Maple syrup: 13 grams
In one study, people with diabetes who ate the same amount of white sugar and honey had increased blood sugar, insulin, and inflammatory markers.
In short, honey, agave nectar, and maple syrup are not as refined as white sugar, but can have similar effects on blood sugar, insulin, and inflammatory markers.
2.8. Dry fruit
The fruit is a good source of several important vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C and potassium. When the fruit dries, water is lost, which causes an increase in the concentration of these substances. The sugar content also increases.
One cup of grapes contains 27 grams of carbohydrates, including 1 gram of fiber. By contrast, a cup of raisins contains 115 grams of carbohydrates, 5 of which are fiber. Therefore, raisins contain three times more carbohydrates than grapes. Other types of dried fruit contain more carbohydrates than fresh fruit.
If you have diabetes, there is no need to give up fruit altogether. Eating low-sugar fruits, such as fresh berries or a small apple, can provide health benefits by keeping your blood sugar level in a stable range.
2.9. Packaged snack food
Crackers and other packaged foods are not good choices for snacks. They are usually made from refined flour and offer few nutrients, which can quickly raise blood sugar.
In fact, these foods may contain more carbohydrates than indicated on their nutrition labels. One study found that snack foods provide an average of 7.7% more carbohydrates than the label says. If you feel hungry between meals, it’s best to eat nuts or some low-carb vegetables with an ounce of cheese.
2.10. Fruit juice
Although fruit juice is generally considered a healthy drink, its effect on blood sugar is similar to that of soda water and other sugary drinks. This is true for 100% sugar-free juices as well as those with added sugar. In some cases, fruit juices contain more sugar and carbohydrates than soft drinks.
Like sugary drinks, fruit juices are loaded with fructose, the type of sugar linked to insulin resistance, obesity, and heart disease. A great alternative is to enjoy a glass of lemonade, which provides less than 1 gram of carbohydrates and almost no calories.
2.11. French fries
French fries are a food to avoid, especially if you have diabetes. Potatoes themselves are relatively high in carbohydrates. A medium-sized potato contains 37 grams of carbohydrates, of which 4 grams come from fiber.
However, after peeling and frying in vegetable oil, potatoes can do more than raise blood sugar.
Fried foods have been shown to produce high levels of toxic compounds like AGEs and aldehydes, which promote inflammation and increase the risk of disease.
Read More: Oatmeal And Diabetes: What You Should Know