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Definition Of Gestational Diabetes


According to the WHO (World Health Organization) definition, gestational diabetes, “gestational diabetes,” is also a carbohydrate tolerance disorder that causes a variety of severe hyperglycemia, initiation or diagnosis for the first time during pregnancy. Pregnancy.

Thus, like other diabetes, gestational diabetes is a disorder in the control of blood sugar (blood sugar level) that causes high glucose in the blood (chronic hyperglycemia).


This article aims to guide pregnant women with gestational diabetes in their diet. But this does not in any way change the sound advice of a doctor to formulate a diet plan that is compatible with medical history.

“In 90% of cases, gestational diabetes is associated with a dietary imbalance,” suggests Dr Levy-Dutell, an endocrinologist-gynecologist at Georges Pompidou European Hospital. The recommended diet for diabetes during pregnancy is to rebalance food in quality and quantity without starting any restrictive diet. Be aware of preconceived notions: there is no question of eliminating starches and fruits in the pretext that they contain sugar.

Before you make big changes to your diet, here are the golden rules of a balanced diet, and it’s very simple to continue to impress yourself while controlling your blood sugar:


Do not skip any meals and always eat breakfast, even if you eat late in the morning: cereal (bread, whole grains, oatmeal), fruit and dairy products


For lunch and dinner, be sure to eat a protein source (meat, fish, egg, ham or chicken breast)


Eat a portion of starchy foods for every meal and prefer a low glycemic index (high in blood sugar) starchy foods: whole grain or bran bread, German black bread, whole or whole grain pasta, basmati rice, sliced ​​peas, lentils, chickpeas, dried beans, etc

On the other hand, avoid white bread, whole meal bread and potatoes, which dramatically increase blood sugar.


For lunch and dinner, always eat at least vegetables like starchy foods. Ideally, you should always make sure you have at least one raw vegetable per day: green salad, grated carrot, cucumber, white cabbage, tomatoes, etc.

For vitamins, minerals, antioxidants but also for filling fiber, consider vegetable pies, voxels, pan-fried foods, soups, vegetable juices, etc.


Be satisfied with three fruits a day, choose fruits that have low GI, and you preferably eat raw with all its nutritional benefits. If you opt for the fruit juice version, don’t delay squeezing your fruit and drinking your homemade drink! Fruit juices on large surfaces, whatever they may be, have no real nutritional interests, especially in terms of vitamins. You can also choose compotes, but again, prefer homemade versions that require less preparation time. As soon as the fruit is cooked, turn off the fire and always taste before adding the sugar: the fructose in the fruit is usually enough on its own!

To help you choose blood sugar boosting fruits, here is an incomplete list of fruits with low GI: apricot, almond, banana, yellow (without stains on skin), black currant, cherry, clementine, strawberry, raspberry, passion fruit, pomegranate, currant, Tangerine, blackberry, blueberry, nectarine, hazelnut, walnut, orange, grapefruit, peach, pear, apple, plum, rhubarb.

Avoid papaya, ripe banana (with stains on the skin) and pears that increase blood sugar.


Dairy products include yogurt, Frazee Blanc, Feisal and small Swiss. Eat one with each meal and prefer it without adding sugar but 0% is not necessary because the caloric difference in the finished product is small.

According to that, you can add vanilla seeds, cinnamon well, or cut your fresh fruit in your dairy and make a gourmet dessert. And why not mix it with some ice cubes and some fresh fruit to make a delicious drink?


PROPER DIET CHOICES FOR GESTATIONAL DIABETESTo go further in the management of blood sugar through diet, one concept is fundamental: the glycemic index (GI).

Dietary glycemic index is the ability to increase glycemia (blood sugar level) compared to the reference value of glucose.

The dietary glycemic index (GI) increases significantly, which increases blood sugar. The reverse is for foods with low GI. If you have gestational diabetes, the goal is to avoid low or moderate GI foods or avoid high GI foods that drastically increase your blood sugar.

To help you make the best diet choices, here is a list of daily foods with high GI and their low GI replacement foods:


There are very few vegetables that actually have a significant effect on blood sugar: boiled carrots, cooked beets, boiled celery and boiled turnip, squash (pumpkin, pumpkin, pumpkin).

All other vegetables can be eaten at every meal: artichoke, eggplant, asparagus, avocado, chard, raw beets, broccoli, raw carrots, raw celery, cabbage, cucumber, pumpkin, turmeric, peas, lentils, watermelon Fresh peas, leek, snow peas, peppers, radish, salad, tomatoes.


Only a few fruits can significantly increase blood sugar. It is ripe bananas (with art on the skin), kharja, pear, melon, papaya, watermelon.

All other fruits grow:

Low Blood Sugar: Apricot, Almond, Banana Still Yellow (without stain on skin), Black Currant, Cherry, Clementine, Strawberry, Raspberry, Passion Fruit, Pomegranate, Currant, Tangerine, Blackberry, Blueberry, Nectarine, Hazelnut, Walnut, Walnut Grapefruit, peach, pear, apple, plum, rhubarb Moderate Blood Sugar Levels: Persimmon, Kiwi, Lichy, Mango.


White and brown sugar, as well as honey, are carbohydrates that increase blood sugar levels regardless of the amount consumed. Ideally, they should be replaced with natural sweetener products with lower GI (in organic stores or supermarkets in the organic section):

  • Agave syrup
  • Fructose
  • Birch sugar (xylitol)
  • Coconut sugar
  • Stevia

Aspartame type chemical sweeteners can also be used optionally.



  • Hot Drink: Infusion, Coffee or Tea (maybe decaffeinated or decaffeinated)
  • 60g low or medium GI bread * or 40g oatmeal
  • 10 g butter
  • Optional: 2 tbsp. To c. Jam without adding sugar
  • 1 Dairy: Milk, Yogurt, Cottage Cheese, Fiesel, Petits-Sues
  • 1 Low GI Fruit **

Snacks (optional):

  • 1 Low GI Fruit **
  • 10-15 Almonds


  • The opening of raw vegetables
  • Dressing (3 tbsp of olive oil and oil mixture rich in lemon or vinegar, salt, pepper, omega-1 (Perilla, Camellia, Nigella, hemp, walnuts, rapeseed, soybean), optional: mustard)
  • Proteins: Meat, Fish or Egg (2)
  • Vegetables cooked at will
  • Low or medium GI starch (100 to 150 g cooked peas) ***
  • 1 Dairy: Milk, Yogurt, Cottage Cheese, Fiesel, Petits-Sues

Snacks (optional):

  • 1 Low GI Fruit **
  • 10-15 Almonds


  • The opening of raw vegetables
  • Dressing (3 tbsp of olive oil and oil mixture rich in lemon or vinegar, salt, pepper, omega-1 (Perilla, Camellia, Nigella, hemp, walnuts, rapeseed, soybean), optional: mustard)
  • Proteins: Meat, Fish or Egg (2)
  • Vegetables cooked at will
  • Low or medium GI Bread *
  • 1 Dairy: Milk, Yogurt, Cottage Cheese, Fiesel, Petits-Sues

Cheese: Add twice a week to pasteurized milk, on average, add a portion of cheese (2g)

* Low or medium GI bread: prime bread, German Pumpernickel black bread, bran bread, Vasas fiber

** Fruits with low GI: apricot, almond, banana, yellow (without stains on skin), black currant, cherry, clementine, strawberry, raspberry, passion fruit, pomegranate, currant, tangerine, blackberry, blueberry, nectarine, hazelnut, , Grapefruit, peach, pears, apple, plum, rhubarb

*** Low or medium GI starch: quinoa, lentils, chickpeas, sliced ​​peas, white beans, red beans, basmati rice, spaghetti cooked al dente, whole or whole pasta.

Diet to prevent gestational diabetes

In order for your body to get all the nutrients it needs for pregnancy development, you need to follow a very varied diet. Do n’t eliminate any foods . Choose low-fat ones and be careful how you cook them . For the diet to be varied and balanced, it should include:

  • Fruits and vegetables .
  • Fish , preferably fatty, is rich in omega 3 fatty acids.
  • Meat of all groups, always choose lean parts .
  • Healthy fats , like olive oil or fresh avocado.

Several meals a day

Your body needs to maintain fat stores throughout the day, so you should eat several small meals spread throughout the day. Breakfast is the most important meal, because it breaks overnight fast. Eat a breakfast that includes fruits, dairy, whole grains and protein. In the main meals of the day, be sure to eat vegetables and animal proteins, meat or fish.

For the rest of the day, you should have 3 or 4 light snacks in the morning and in the afternoon you can have yogurt with nuts, for example. Before going to sleep, brew with some cookies, yes, choose products without sugar whenever possible. The Homemade Oatmeal and Banana Cookies are perfect to curb the sweet tooth and completely healthy.

Eat foods rich in fiber

Fiber is important in preventing gestational diabetes, because if the body gets enough fiber, it prevents changes in sugar levels . Consume whole grains, nuts, legumes, vegetables and fruits in moderation, as they are fiber-rich foods. On the other hand, maintaining proper intestinal transit can help prevent dreaded hemorrhoids after childbirth.

Along with following a rich, varied, balanced and moderate diet, regular exercise helps prevent gestational diabetes, and other complications. Stay active during this period and you can avoid this and other problems caused by excess weight and inactivity.

Read More: Foods That Are High In Sugar

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